India is not a keen user of information and communication technology for legal and judicial purposes. For instance, we are still waiting for the adoption of e-courts in India and online dispute resolution (ODR) in India. Till May 2014 we are still waiting for the establishment of first e-courts of India and ODR is till not used as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism in India.
It is not the case that India is not aware of the effectiveness and benefits of use of technology for legal and judicial purposes. Actually there is a lack of techno legal expertise and political will to implement technology driven initiatives in India. Till now India has been able to achieve computerised filing of paper based documents alone and e-filing and other aspects of e-courts are still decades away from being actually implemented.
Now it has been reported that implementation of an auto-generated software program for rationalization of assignment of cases led to a marked 25% rise in disposal of cases and put an end to bench-hunting. This has been found in a study conducted by IIM-Indore that analysed administrative functioning of high court on filing, listing and disposal of cases.
“Administrative rationalization is likely to expedite disposal of cases, balance workflow and increase satisfaction among stakeholders,” the study said.
Registrar general Ved Prakash Sharma said comparison of cases before and after disposal of cases in 2013 and 2014, respectively, proves success of the scheme. “In first quarter of 2013, 27,002 cases were disposed. In 2014, the number of cases disposed in same period was up—35,880—registering an increase of 25%”. “Employees are comfortable as they get assigned work for the day on computer, which they can finish in time and can go home comfortably without any stress for next day,” Sharma said.
Through the computer program, registry officers have effective control over the system. SMS alerts are given for defaults and listing cases to litigants and lawyers.